Therefore technically, the word “relationship” is actually a pretty right description of your establish condition
Auter, P. J. Davis, D. M. (1991). Whenever letters cam straight to watchers: Damaging the last wall from inside the tv. News media Every quarter, 68 (1/2), 165-171.
Horton, D. Wohl, Roentgen. R. (1956). Mass Telecommunications and you may Parasocial Interaction: Observations to your Intimacy at a distance. Psychiatry, 19, 215-229.
Klimmt, C., Hartmann, T. Schramm, H. (2011). Parasocial Relationships and you will Relationship. Within the J. Bryant P. Vorderer (Hrsg.), Psychology out of Recreation. New york: Routledge.
Palmgreen, P., Wenner, L. A good. Rayburn, J. D. (1980). Interactions between gratifications wanted and you can obtained. A study of tv newsmunication Search, 7 (2), 161-192.
Rubin, Good. Meters., Perse, Age. M. Powell, R. A beneficial. (1985). Loneliness, Parasocial Interaction, and you can local television information seeing. Individual Communication Search, twelve (2), 155-180.
Just what try we these are?
The definition of “ Parasocial Connections ” ( PSI ) is lead in the 1956 https://datingranking.net/escort-directory/detroit/ because of the psychologists Donald Horton and you may Richard Wohl. They kept the view that people that watching television come together into letters exactly the same way since if they certainly were deal with-to-deal with with them. It phenomenon is the results of certain particular pretending ways which present the fresh fantasy out of your own conversation for the listeners (Horton Wohl, 1956). Because of the limited likelihood of a two-sided exchange ranging from actor and you can listeners those individuals affairs are called “para-social” (Hartmann, Klimmt Vorderer, 2001).
The standard experience of including relationships can result in the fresh new so-titled “ Parasocial Relationship ” ( PSR ), in which the reader versions a much deeper link with the television profile.